Native American occupancy
The site of Freindsville has long been a gathering place for people. Native Americans have been visiting this bend in the river for over 3,500 years. In 1950, the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh investigated the Friendsville Site as part of a three-year survey of the entire Ohio River drainage system. Before I-68 was constructed In 1969, Tyler Bastian, then the Maryland State Archaeologist, was alerted that the proposed construction of the National Freeway (US Route 48) and the relocation of Maryland Route 42 threatened portions of the Friendsville Site. A major archaelogical dig was undertaken near where the Baptist Church is on Water Street and test pits dug. The dig revealed not only the presence 49,000 artifacts from the most recent Shawnee Village but also deeper down revealed the presence of earlier pre columbian cultures such as the Adena Mound Builders (800BC) and Hopewell culture. Many of these artifacts are in the form of arrowhead, ceramic shards and stone tools and the remains of post holes used in shelter construction.
The area was well know by the Shawnee as ‘The Hunters Bowl’. It’s bottom land perfect for the cultivation of Beans, Corn, and Squash. The unique geography funneled game through the valley and the river was filled with fish including salmon.
Friendsville is named after its first European settler, John Friend, who came to what is now Garrett County before the American Revolution. Many of Friend’s descendants live in Garrett County today, and the headquarters and library of the Friend Family Association are in Friendsville because of this connection.
“Friendsville was initially founded in 1765 when John Friend Sr. (1728 to Aft. 1808) traveled from (what is now) the area of Paw Paw, WV. If you are from the Garrett County, Maryland area and a descendant of one of the many pioneer families, we are sure you think that a new article about the history of Friendsville could not be written. In many ways this is correct. There has been much written of this area, along with some family histories. However, if (as some old timers would say) “you have the mud on your feet and you can never wash it off”, there is pride for this land, this area, and these people.”
From Friendsville a Brief History Shirley Drent, Patty Friend Thompson, Patrick Smith